Why Hungary



Official Name  Hungary
Territory   93,030 km2
Population 10,051,357
Ethnic  Hungarian  92%, Gypsy 5%, German
1.5%, Slovak 1%,  Other 0.5%
Official language Hungarian 
Religion mostly Christian 
Local Time Summer: GMT+2 / Winter: GMT+1
Capital   Budapest
Capital's Population 1,7 million; with suburbia: 2,5 million
Administration units  Capital and 19 counties
National Flag three equal horizontal bands of red (top), white and green colours



Our country, Hungary is situated on the eastern part of Central Europe in a basin surrounded by the Carpathians. Its neighboring countries are Austria, Slovakia, the Ukraine, Romania, Yugoslavia (Serbia), Croatia and Slovenia. Hungary is a small country, with an area less than 100.000 square kilometers. The biggest river, the Danube divides the land into two parts - these are the hilly Transdanubia in the west and the Great Hungarian Plain in the east. Lake Balaton is in Transdanubia, which is one of the largest lakes in Europe. The appeal of the lake and the sunshine make it the most frequented tourist center during the summertime. Many foreigners spend their holidays here year after year. The Puszta is on the Great Hungarian Plain in the Hortobagy National Park. The wildlife is protected to keep the original natural beauty of this area.

The ancestors of Hungarians immigrated to this territory from the east and took the region into their possession in the 9th-10th centuries. The Hungarian state was founded in 1000, when our first king, Istvan the 1st ascended throne and adopted Christianity. In 1241 the Tatars (Mongols) invaded and devastated our land. By the 15th century HUNGARY became one of the greatest powers in Europe, but the Ottoman (Turkish) occupation came soon and lasted for 150 years. Having driven the Ottomans out, HUNGARY became part of the Austrian Habsburg Empire and later Austro-Hungarian Monarchy. This resulted that HUNGARY took part in World War I. on the Axis side and lost two thirds of her territory. Due to this, now more than three million ethnic Hungarians live in the neighboring countries. In World War II. HUNGARY allied with Germany and was defeated by the Soviet Union. After a failed attempt in 1956, total independence has been achieved in 1989. The Hungarian Democratic Forum (MDF) won the first free elections after 40 years, which took place in 1990 and ended Communist rule. The Socialists won the next election in 1994. In 1998, there was a new shift in the power giving the government in the Young Democrats' hand...