What to know about our lovely country?
Hungary (Hungarian: Magyarország) is a country in Central Europe that covers an area of 93,030 square kilometres. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union. The official language is Hungarian, which is the most widely spoken Uralic language in the world. Hungary’s capital and its largest city and metropolis is Budapest, a significant economic hub, classified as a leading global city. Major urban areas include Debrecen, Szeged, Miskolc, Pécs and Győr.
In the 21st century Hungary is a middle power and has the world’s 57th largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the 58th largest PPP, out of 191 countris measured by IMF. As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, it is the world’s 35th largest exporter and a 34th largest importer of goods. Hungary maintans its own currency, the Hungarian forint (HUF). Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and has been part of the Schengen Area since 2007. Hungary is a member of United Nations, NATO, WTO, World Bank, the AIIB, the Council of Europe, the Visegrád Group and more.
Hungary is the 11th most popular country as a tourist destination in Europe, attracting 14.3 million international tourists in 2015. It is home to the largest thermal water cave system and the secong largest thermal lake in the world, the largest lake in Central Europe and the largest natural grasslands in Europe.
Couple of information about Budapest
Budapest is the capital and the most populous city of Hungary and one of the largest cities in the European Union. With an estimated 2016 population of 1,759,407, distributed over a land area of about 525 square kilometres, Budapest is also one of the most densely populated major cities in the EU. Over 40 colleges abd universities are located in Budapest including the Eötvös Loránd University, Semmelweis University and Budapest University of Technology and Economics,which have been ranked among the top 500 in the world. Opened in 1896, the city’s subway system, the Budapest Metro, serves 1.27 million, while the Budapest Tram Network serves 1.08 million passengers daily.
Budapest ranked as the most liveable Central and Eastern European city on EUI’s quality of life index.
Among Budapest’s important museums and cultural institutions, the most visited art museum is the Museum of Fine Arts, which is noted for one of the largest collections of all periods of European art and comprises more the 100,000 pieces.
Further famous cultural institutions are the Hungarian State Opera House and National Széchényi Library.
The central area of the city along the Danube River is classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and has many notable monuments, including the Hungarian Parliament, Buda Castle, Fisherman’s Bastion, Gresham Palace, Széchenyi Chain Bridge, Matthias Church and the Liberty Statue. Another famous landmarks include Andrássy Avenue, St. Stephen’s Basilica, Heroes’ Square, the Great Market Hall, the Nyugati Railway Station built by the Eiffel Company of Paris in 1877 and the second-oldest metro line in the world, the Millenium Underground Railway.
The city also has around 80 geothermal springs, the largest thermal water cave system, second largens synagogue, and third largest Parliament building in the world. Budapest attracts 4.4 million international tourists per year, making it the 25th most popular city in the world and the 6th in Europe